Navy Technology Transfer Navy Technology Transfer

Simulation and Training

Advanced Use of Force Training System

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

In partnership with the National Institute of Justice and the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division developed a prototype use of force training system that supports improved situation awareness and cognitive decision making in use of force scenarios. The system incorporates computer generated imagery with expressive face technology, speech recognition, multiple wireless force options, scenario generation tools and an after action review capability. Computer generated characters react to speech inputs, weapon position, and trigger pull. Advanced use of force training system (AUFTS) research and development, including speech and subject matter expertise data, have direct application to law enforcement, force protection, and tactical training. In addition to Law Enforcement training, AUFTS work has been applied to dismounted infantry Escalation of Force training.


Automated Underwater Vehicle Position Estimation

Naval Research Laboratory

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has developed an underwater vehicle simulation tool utilizing four-dimensional ocean current forecast interpolation to dramatically improve the prediction of an underwater vessel’s position and trajectory. The innovative four-dimensional interpolation of non-regular ocean current forecast data provides math and data access for maximizing processing speed (>100x real-time) as well as handling large forecast data sets (>1
gigabit). The four-dimensional interpolation technique compensates for simulation/forecast errors by using vehicle reported positions from the ocean forecast current, all the while providing a very fast motion model for underwater gliders. NRL’s underwater vehicle simulation
overcomes pitfalls found in existing position estimation technologies. For instance, existing systems using global positioning systems require a vehicle to surface periodically
which poses a potential navigation hazard and subjects a vehicle to faster currents near the surface. Inertial systems are ineffective without Doppler velocity logs, whose ranges can be limited for deep ocean operation unless the vehicle is close to the ocean floor. Ultra-Short Baseline systems are untenable tracking options for long deployments.


Live to Virtual Communication Bridge

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

The live to virtual communication bridge provides distributed control of operational communication equipment (i.e., service radios) and relays the communications between different networks. This allows for adjustments of radio settings (i.e., frequency, presets, power) to be changed on a remote live radio from a local virtual radio interface. Virtual radios can be connected to operational radio switching systems (e.g., line-of-sight equipment, satellite communications equipment) to allow for seamless live and virtual training and tactical operations. This technology can provide the interface between operational satellite communications systems with encryption and other live radio frequencies in the field. A “makeshift” command center can utilize this technology to “link” multiple services (i.e., fire, police, medical) during an emergency operations scenario.


Modular Advanced Technologies -Marksmanship Proficiency Toolkit

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

The modular advanced technologies-marksmanship proficiency (MAT-MP) patent-pending technology is a small arms diagnostic toolkit for live-fire range marksmanship training. The MAT-MP provides instructors with metrics, such as trigger squeeze, trigger follow through, cant angle, buttstock pressure, and steadiness to properly assess shooter performance. These measures allow instructors to precisely assess difficult to diagnose problems quickly and efficiently in order to increase proficiency and throughput. The MAT-MP toolkit works by transmitting shooter performance data wirelessly to the instructor tablet providing a clear and organized view of all metrics, as well as a live view of the shooter’s sight picture. The performance metrics summary for each shooter is stored in the system database which allows instructors to conduct after action review with their students on the range or a classroom setting. Each MAT-MP system can support up to four weapon kits simultaneously. The MAT-MP’s sensor packages are light weight and attach in less than five minutes to the live-fire weapon providing minimal alteration to weight and weapon characteristics. The current MAT-MP technology is compatible with the M16/M4/M27 platforms both for the iron sight and advanced combat optical gunsight configurations.


Network Effects/Cyberspace Attack Emulation

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

The network effects emulation system (NE2S) provides realistic emulation of network and host based cyberspace attacks. NE2S integrates traditional test and training environments with cyber attack scenarios. A master control station provides centralized control of real-time instructor/operator initiated effects or scripted scheduled scenarios. NE2S employs a network centric architecture and is operating system and application agnostic. The system uses encrypted communications using standard network protocols. Authentication credentials are encrypted at rest. NE2S was demonstrated at Operation Blended Warrior 2017.


Orbit/Covariance Estimation and ANalysis (OCEAN)

Naval Research Laboratory

Orbit/Covariance Estimation and Analysis (OCEAN) is a state-of-the-art orbit determination, ephemeris propagation, and timing calibration suite that applies high fidelity models and advanced estimation techniques to provide precise and accurate satellite ephemerides, orbit predictions, and covariance products throughout the mission lifetime. OCEAN offers proven high performance government-off-the-shelf software to meet precision orbit determination needs for less than the licensing costs of competing products.


Scenario Planning and Effects Control System With After Action Review Capabilities

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

The scenario planning and effects control system (SPECS) enables instructor/operators to provide highly detailed and repeatable immersive training scenarios by defining combinations of cause/effect, time, and manual trigger actions between various types of sensor and environmental stimuli for increased training effectiveness, trainee immersion, and reduced instructor/operator workload. The system’s audio distribution engine is capable of simultaneous streaming of sound effects to any user defined speaker location or time synchronized group of speaker locations within the training environment. The RaidFX special effects device and training stimuli control architecture is fully extensible and capable of integrating numerous devices and training aids based on common control and communication standards. The client graphical user interface is designed around the concept of the instructor as the operator, and provides for the authoring and control of scenarios within the distributed system architecture. Data integration with commercially available digital video management and debriefing systems enables event-based navigation and remediation support during after-action-review. The SPECS architecture is operational within a number of immersive and mixed-reality training environments.


Smart Antenna Algorithm

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

The smart antenna algorithm (SAA) is patented technology that provides frequency management capabilities across a spectrum of networked radio frequency communication devices. The tool determines the susceptibility of multiple radios to interference by mathematically modeling radio noise, nonlinearities, and image frequency. The SAA method uses antenna isolation, which varies between antenna elements, to map problem frequency nets to antenna pairs having greater isolation. The overall result is a boost to radio performance in order to balance and meet range coverage requirements. Even though the number of possible combinations for assigning frequency nets to antenna elements may be exhaustive, the algorithm runs in real-time with accurate results. The assignment algorithm/model may be used for automatic, intelligent, configuration and setup of distant, remote radios when incorporated into the remote interface control tool, an existing, fielded, radio-control baseline. The SAA can be used as a communications planner tool, for dynamic frequency trunking, and for rapid, ad-hoc communications set-up for emergency response units.


Team Dimensional Training™

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

Team Dimensional Training™ (TDT™) is an empirically-based team strategy that facilitates team self-correction and effective team processes to improve team performance. TDT provides instructors with a structured method of evaluating teamwork and guides instructors on effective briefing skills. The TDT process has been found to increase team performance by enhancing communication, teammate mentoring and the ability to diagnose performance problems. A number of TDT-related products and services are available to assist in the transition and sustainment of the program. Traditionally, TDT has been introduced to organizations through the TDT Workshop. The TDT workshop is conducted by a Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division team and consists of a classroom section and a role-play section. The classroom section is focused on the research and history associated with TDT, introducing the four teamwork dimensions, as well as training cycle management and facilitation skills. The skills learned and practiced during the classroom are applied and evaluated in high-fidelity role-play scenarios with actual teams-in-training. Specific aspects of TDT, such as performance measurement and facilitation skills, can be incorporated into existing training programs. In addition, TDT can be integrated into an organization’s own leadership development curriculum.


Virtual Interactive Shipboard Instructional Tour

Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division

The virtual interactive shipboard instructional tour (VISIT) allows a trainee/user to “wander” through a photo-realistic interactive tour of a real world environment by providing virtual access to environments or facilities that are unfamiliar, unavailable, or dangerous. While moving around the environment, a user can click on items of interest to access descriptive or instructional media (interactive courseware, workstation simulations, reference documents or almost any common media file). The integrated 355-degree spherical photographic panoramas allow a user to look in any direction. In addition to unstructured exploration of an environment, the instructor can develop structured tours of the environment via a game-like scavenger hunt feature which also provides students with performance feedback. Integrated quizzes can also be authored by instructors. Current plat-forms are Navy ships, submarines, and aircraft; but buildings, cities, or other critical environments can be created. A recent upgrade of the software enables the product to run in a browser, negating the need to install software to tour the selected platform. A new effort is underway to optimize the software to operate on mobile devices, which will enable its use on a much wider basis. Important selling points for VISIT are that it is extremely affordable compared to three-dimensional based tours and that it runs on a wide variety of hardware – making it attractive for mass distribution.